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Effect of Group Exercising and Adjusting the Brace at Shorter Intervals on Cobb Angle and Quality of Life of Patients With Idiopathic Scoliosis

HEDAYATI Z; AHMADI A; KAMYAB M; BABAEE T; GANJAVIAN MS
AM J PHYS MED REHABIL , 2018, vol. 97, n° 2, p. 104-109
Doc n°: 186528
Localisation : Documentation IRR

D.O.I. : http://dx.doi.org/DOI:10.1097/PHM.0000000000000812
Descripteurs : JF - QUALITE DE VIE , CB222 - SCOLIOSE IDIOPATHIQUE

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of group exercise with
brace adjustment at shorter intervals than used in routine practice in late-onset
idiopathic scoliosis patients.
This was a quasi-experimental study.
Thirty patients with progressive scoliosis curves of 15-50 degrees and a
prescription for a brace were divided into experimental and control groups, both
of which participated in an 11-wk treatment program.
Those in the experimental
group underwent brace adjustment twice per week and performed group exercise,
whereas those in the control group received a routine protocol. The quality of
life and Cobb angle of patients in both groups were evaluated based on baseline
and final results of the 22-item Scoliosis Research Society questionnaire and
primary and secondary radiographs. RESULTS: In the experimental group, the
improvement in Cobb angle and patient satisfaction was greater than that in the
control group (P < 0.05). Moreover, in patients with Cobb angles of less than 30
degrees, the self-image and satisfaction domains and the total scores of patients
in the experimental group were significantly different from those in the control
group at the final assessment (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Brace adjustment at
shorter intervals combined with group exercise increases patient satisfaction and
reduces scoliosis Cobb angles.

Langue : ANGLAIS

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