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Passive prosthetic hands and tools

The group of passive prostheses consists of prosthetic hands and
prosthetic tools. These can either be static or adjustable. Limited research and
development on passive prostheses has been performed although many people use
these prosthesis types. Although some publications describe passive prostheses,
no recent review of the peer-reviewed literature on passive prostheses is
available. OBJECTIVE: Review the peer-reviewed literature on passive prostheses
for replacement of the hand. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: Four
electronic databases were searched using a Boolean combination of relevant
keywords. English-language articles relevant to the objective were selected.
RESULTS: In all, 38 papers were included in the review. Publications on passive
prosthetic hands describe their users, usage, functionality, and problems in
activities of daily living. Publications on prosthetic tools mostly focus on
sport, recreation, and vehicle driving. CONCLUSION: Passive hand prostheses
receive little attention in prosthetic research and literature. Yet one out of
three people with a limb deficiency uses this type of prosthesis. Literature
indicates that passive prostheses can be improved on pulling and grasping
functions. In the literature, ambiguous names are used for different types of
passive prostheses. This causes confusion. We present a new and clear
classification of passive prostheses. Clinical relevance This review provides
information on the users of passive prosthetic hands and tools, their usage and
the functionality. Passive prostheses receive very little attention and low
appreciation in literature. Passive prosthetic hands and tools show to be useful
to many unilateral amputees and should receive more attention and higher
acceptance.

Langue : ANGLAIS

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