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Effectiveness of Health Promotion, Management, and Maintenance Interventions Within the Scope of Occupational Therapy for Community-Dwelling Older Adults

BERGER S; ESCHER A; MENGLE E; SULLIVAN N
AM J OCCUP THER , 2018, vol. 72, n° 4, p. 7204190010 (10 p)
Doc n°: 187849
Localisation : Documentation IRR

D.O.I. : http://dx.doi.org/DOI:10.5014/ajot.2018.030346
Descripteurs : KB1 - TECHNIQUES D'ERGOTHERAPIE, MA - GERONTOLOGIE

This systematic review examined the effectiveness of health promotion,
management, and maintenance interventions within the scope of occupational
therapy to improve occupational performance and quality of life (QOL) and
decrease health care utilization for community-dwelling older adults. METHOD:
Thirty-eight articles representing 36 studies were included in the review.
Articles were published 2008-2015 and described studies of participants with a
mean age of 65 or older who were living in the community. RESULTS: Strong
evidence supports the use of group, individual, or a combination of group and
individual interventions to improve occupational performance. Group interventions
were also effective at improving QOL. The evidence was insufficient that any of
these interventions decreased health care utilization. CONCLUSION: Addressing
health promotion, management, and maintenance is within the scope of occupational
therapy practice and has been shown to improve occupational performance and QOL
for older adults. Implications for practice and future research are discussed.
CI - Copyright (c) 2018 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.

Langue : ANGLAIS

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