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Occupational Therapy Fall Prevention Interventions for Community-Dwelling Older Adults

ELLIOTT S; LELAND NE
AM J OCCUP THER , 2018, vol. 72, n° 4, p. 7204190040 (10 p)
Doc n°: 187852
Localisation : Documentation IRR

D.O.I. : http://dx.doi.org/DOI:10.5014/ajot.2018.030494
Descripteurs : KB1 - TECHNIQUES D'ERGOTHERAPIE, DF11 - POSTURE. STATION DEBOUT, MA - GERONTOLOGIE

Accidental falls among community-dwelling older adults are preventable
and increase the risk of morbidity, hospitalization, and institutionalization. We
updated and broadened a 2008 systematic review examining the evidence for the
effectiveness of fall prevention interventions in improving fall-related
outcomes, occupational performance, quality of life,
and health care facility
readmissions for community-dwelling older adults.
METHOD: We searched and
analyzed literature published from 2008 to 2015 from five electronic databases.
RESULTS: Fifty articles met the inclusion criteria and were critically appraised
and synthesized-37 provided Level I; 5, Level II; and 8, Level III evidence.
Analysis was organized into four intervention themes: single component,
multicomponent, multifactorial, and population based. Mixed evidence was found
for single-component and multifactorial interventions, strong evidence was found
for multicomponent interventions, and moderate evidence was found for
population-based interventions. CONCLUSION:
These findings can inform the
delivery and integration of fall prevention interventions from acute care to community discharge.
CI - Copyright (c) 2018 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.

Langue : ANGLAIS

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