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Effectiveness of Interventions for Weight Loss for People With Serious Mental Illness

BROWN C; GEISZLER LC; LEWIS KJ; ARBESMAN M
AM J OCCUP THER , 2018, vol. 72, n° 5, p. 7205190030 (9 p)
Doc n°: 188673
Localisation : Documentation IRR

D.O.I. : http://dx.doi.org/DOI:10.5014/ajot.2018.033415
Descripteurs : KB2 - ERGOTHERAPIE EN SANTE MENTALE

We examined the effectiveness of weight loss interventions in
community-based settings for people with serious mental illness (SMI). METHOD:
Four databases were searched for randomized controlled trials published in 2008
or later that met the criteria for the research question and used weight loss as
an outcome measure.
Data were extracted, and weight loss was analyzed using a
meta-analysis. Similarities and differences in interventions were analyzed
qualitatively. RESULTS: Seventeen studies and a total of 1,874 participants with
various diagnoses of SMI were included in the meta-analysis. The various
lifestyle-focused interventions had a significant effect on weight loss with an
overall effect size of -0.308 (p < .001). CONCLUSION: Community-based
interventions for people with SMI are effective for weight loss. Occupational
therapists can be involved in the provision of weight loss interventions and in
the development and study of intervention components that are most effective.
CI - Copyright (c) 2018 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.

Langue : ANGLAIS

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