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Randomized Controlled Trial to Improve Self-Efficacy in People With Multiple Sclerosis : The Community Reintegration for Socially Isolated Patients (CRISP)
Program

KALINA JT; HINOJOSA J; STROBER L; BACON J; DONNELLY S; GOVEROVER Y
AM J OCCUP THER , 2018, vol. 72, n° 5, p. 7205205030 (8 p)
Doc n°: 188666
Localisation : Documentation IRR

D.O.I. : http://dx.doi.org/DOI:10.5014/ajot.2018.026864
Descripteurs : AE3 - SEP

We examined the efficacy of a 12-wk educational socialization program,
Community Reintegration for Socially Isolated Patients (CRISP), in improving
self-efficacy for people with multiple sclerosis (MS).
We also examined whether
participants in the experimental group with increased self-efficacy experienced
reduced loneliness and depression. METHOD: This randomized controlled group
design included 91 participants with MS (experimental group,
n = 51; control
group, n = 40). Participants were between ages 20 and 68 yr, and the majority
experienced a relapsing-remitting MS course (86%) and mild to moderate
disability. Participants completed baseline and posttreatment assessments,
including questionnaires assessing self-efficacy, loneliness, and depression.
RESULTS: Experimental group participants significantly improved in self-efficacy
compared with control group participants. Experimental group participants who
demonstrated improved self-efficacy reported reduced perceptions of loneliness
but not depressive symptoms. CONCLUSION: CRISP is a promising intervention to
improve self-efficacy for people with MS. However, results need to be treated
with caution given the study's limitations.
CI - Copyright (c) 2018 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.

Langue : ANGLAIS

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