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Occupational Performance Issues of Adults Seeking Bariatric Surgery for Obesity

BARCLAY KS; FORWELL SJ
AM J OCCUP THER , 2018, vol. 72, n° 5, p. 7205195030 (10 p)
Doc n°: 188669
Localisation : Documentation IRR

D.O.I. : http://dx.doi.org/DOI:10.5014/ajot.2018.025924
Descripteurs : KB1 - TECHNIQUES D'ERGOTHERAPIE, GB - OBESITE

We sought to describe the occupational performance issues of a sample
of bariatric surgery candidates and to explore the relationships among
occupational performance, satisfaction with performance, demographic
characteristics, and mental health factors. METHOD:
We reviewed the health
records of 241 bariatric surgery candidates and analyzed their scores on the
Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and standardized mental health
questionnaires. RESULTS: Exercise and eating behavior were the most common
occupational performance issues. Cognitive and affective issues were reported
more frequently than physical issues. Occupational performance and satisfaction
correlated negatively with anxiety and depression and positively with
self-esteem. Self-esteem contributed 27% of the variance in occupational
performance. CONCLUSION: COPM scores revealed a wide range of occupational
performance issues and significant associations with mental health factors,
supporting a psychosocial approach to occupational therapy with this population.
Routine mental health screening can help ensure that mental health factors are
adequately addressed.
CI - Copyright (c) 2018 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.

Langue : ANGLAIS

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